This article was originally published in Forbes.

Automation and artificial intelligence are transforming the customer service industry and raising difficult questions about the role that humans will play in the workplace of the future. For years, pundits have been largely relegated to one of two camps: mass unemployment predictors and budget-minded capitalists (paywall). But recently, more and more thought leaders have shifted into a third camp, which argues that the future of customer service and business in general will be rooted in AI-human collaboration.

As the cofounder and VP of a support automation platform that leverages human experts to improve AI, I believe these pundits get a lot right, particularly in their exploration of how AI and automation can help human workers. However, this discussion often frames AI-human collaboration as a simple side-by-side partnership in which AI systems handle easy cases and humans tackle those that are more challenging or require some form of emotional intelligence. This isn’t wrong, per se, but it is reductive. I believe AI-human collaboration will be much more complex.

Shared Intelligence

Today’s customer service leaders are divided on the subject of how best to integrate AI into their organizations. However, there is one thing that I think we can all agree on: When implemented correctly, virtual agents can help their human counterparts more efficient and effective. For example, they can make humans smarter with automated suggestions and intelligent search capabilities. They can also help humans save time by taking over data entry and other simple tasks.

We also know that the converse is true: Humans can do a great deal to help their virtual counterparts. Today’s generation of bots are easily confused, and humans can jump in when they get something wrong. They can also provide feedback so that the AI system can learn from its mistakes.

Many business leaders fail to see that humans have much more to offer their AI-powered counterparts than supervision. Indeed, the future of AI-human collaboration won’t just be rooted in shared tasks and project

The Value Of Subject Matter Expertise

There is no doubt that bots can make humans smarter. However, the sharing of intelligence can and should be a two-way street. Virtual agents have much to gain from humans’ supervision, occasional intervention and training.

I’m not talking about just any training. I’m talking about the intensive and ongoing transfer of subject-matter expertise from people who have deep wells of knowledge and experience with your organization’s products or services. Think of it like asking a professional chef for help planning your dinner rather than asking a grocery store clerk.

Training from your human experts should give virtual agents the tools they need to reach a whole new level of functionality. If your experts are constantly reviewing and refining the AI’s responses to customer inquiries, those responses can become more thoughtful, informative and ultimately useful. If AI-human collaboration in customer service is to succeed over the long term, it is vital to develop more nuanced systems that enable humans and AI to continuously share their intelligence.

Better Together

I believe the future of human-AI collaboration in customer service will be more than a simple binary with humans tackling certain types of requests and AI handling others, with an occasional hand-off happening between the two. That’s because, as AI technology progresses, the line between human and artificial intelligence could become increasingly blurred.

In the future, AI-assisted humans could be the norm rather than the exception. We have already entered the age of augmented human intelligence, as Pew estimates suggest that smartphone ownership now extends to more than 2.5 billion people worldwide.

Before long, any company that assigns human agents to certain types of tasks could, by definition, be assigning AI-assisted human agents to handle those tasks. The converse is also true: A company may assign AI-powered virtual agents to many types of customer service requests. However, the most effective AI will likely be those that the company both trains and continuously “coaches” through human experts.

The future of customer service could indeed be human-AI collaboration. However, we should escape the simplistic binary thinking that positions humans and AI as diametrically opposed entities.

To achieve its full potential, we should bring expert-trained AI systems together with AI-assisted humans. We should continue searching for new ways to integrate the two until we are truly able to deliver the best of both worlds. By embracing this partnership, we can help ensure an enduring place for the human worker in the customer service economy.

Read the full article in Forbes.